Mandan earth lodge in winter
Photo by J. Agee
A Mandan lodge, photographed about 1910.
Short River, now Short Creek, enters the Missouri River
a few miles downstream from Williston, North Dakota.
Log houses on the Fort Berthold Reservation in 1904.
A traditional earth lodge in the background.
From Olin D. Wheeler, The Trail of Lewis and Clark, 1804–1904
(2 vols., New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1904), 1:271.