Fort Berthold Reservation, 1880

Fort Berthold Reservation 1880

map: Fort Berthold Reservation, 1880, with label about how federal government, without asking the Indians or Congress, traded land with the Northern Pacific Railroad in 1880, leaving 1.2 million acres in the reservation.

In 1880 the Northern Pacific Railroad needed land for its right-of-way through the reservation, plus some more to sell to white settlers. The U.S. Government, without consulting Congress or the Indians, exchanged much of the southern half of the reservation for a little land north of the Missouri River, leaving the tribes 1.2 million acres.