Fort Berthold Reservation, 1891

Fort Berthold Reservation 1891

map: Fort Berthold Reservation, 1891, four years after the General Allotment Act assigned 160 acres of land per family. In 1891 Congress sold off the "surplus" land.

The General Allotment Act of 1887 introduced private land ownership—basically 160 acres per family, plus a few extra acres for a wife and children. In 1891 Congress declared two-thirds of the reservation to be 'surplus' land, and sold it. The three tribes received $800,000, which was used for support of the Indian agency, schools, and the mission.