"Starting from the Cannonball River, the boundary line runs southwest to the Black Hills along the divide into the Powder River westward, following Powder River it runs north, crossing the Yellowstone River. Going straight north into the Missouri River, crossing the Missouri into Muddy Creek. Following Muddy Creek it runs to the Canadian Border Line. From the Border Line it runs along the Line eastward up to the corner straight north of Devil's Lake, North Dakota, from that corner, going south back to the Cannonball River. This is the exact mark of the boundary line which was established in the Fort Laramie Treaty in 1851."
Boundary Convention, Fort Laramie Treaty
Shell Creek (on the Fort Berthold Reservation), North Dakota
September 20, 1946
Chairman Clarkes Burr; John W. Smith, Secretary
"This is not the first time that public interest has sought to acquire the lands of the Fort Berthold Indians. It has been done before in the 1866 treaty which opened the territory for railroads, and by subsequent Executive Orders of 1870 and 1880, which reduced some more of our territory without our consent, until now we have only 600,000 acres left of the original 9,000,000 acres. Is that not depreciation enough? No. The public demands some more."
From testimony of Martin Cross, Hidatsa
April 30, 1949
"We go back to our ancestors and we go back to the treaties that they've established. When we go to Congress, the United States Senate, and the House of Representatives, and to the White House, we talk about our treaties because that's what our ancestors signed. That's what our ancestors died for, was to give us our treaties, and this includes our present-day holdings. We live by them and we'll continue to make sure the Federal Government abides by our treaties. We will have a celebration of our treaty signing in 2001."
Tex Hall, Chairman
Commenting on the Sesquicentennial of the Fort Laramie Treaty
to be held in September, 2001