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The azimuth of this cloud-dappled scene is 183° from true north, or three degrees west of south.
Lewis was still at Camp Fortunate at the Forks of the Jefferson on 20 August, directing the digging of a cache and the making of packs and pack-saddles for the portage across the divide. Meanwhile, Clark and his contingent of eleven men including Charbonneau, plus Sacagawea, Jean Baptiste, and a few Shoshones, left their camp on Pattee Creek, crossed the Lemhi River and headed toward the Salmon River, to see whether it was as bad as Cameahwait had said.
Sergeant Gass was among the eleven men in Clark's contingent who had spent the night of the 19th on Pattee Creek. He was stunned by his first impression of the upper Shoshone village near today's settlement of Tendoy, Idaho.
Clark's slant on the Shoshones' plight was less emotional than Gass's, and his discussions with them focused on more businesslike matters.
Those pore people Could only raise a Sammon & a little dried Choke Cherris for us
They asked the Indians for travel advice, wrote Gass, and were given "very unfavourable accounts with respect to the rivers," so it seemed they would most likely have to thread their way through the mountains by land. But Clark preferred to see for himself, so he hired a guide, a man known to history only as Old Toby.2
After giving them "a fiew Small articles as presents" he and his men went on down the river, crossed back to the east side of the valley, and "encamped on a small run" — possibly today's Withington Creek.
1. Missionaries of the Church of the Latter Day Saints, who settled in the valley in 1855, symbolically named the the river after King Limhi, "the son of Noah," and his people, whose history is recounted in the Book of Mosiah, of the Book of Mormon. The river originates in the Lemhi Mountains near Gilmore, Idaho, at abou the 7,000-foot elevation, and flows rapidly northward for 75 miles to join the Salmon River at 3,290 feet above sea level — a descent averaging almost 50 feet per mile. Federal Writers' Project of the Works Progress Administration, The Idaho Encyclopedia (Caldwell, Idaho: Caxton Printers, 1938), 58.
2. The single reference to him by name in the journals was on 12 May 1806, when Lewis recalled, "our old guide Toby and his son each took a horse of ours when they returned last fall." One authority believes his real name was Pi-kee queen-a, or "Swooping Eagle," and that "Toby" or "Tobe," his nickname, was a contraction of Tosa-tive koo-be, meaning "furnished white [as opposed to Clark's black slave, York] white-man's brains." Lewis referred to Tobe as "an elderly man." Moulton, Journals, 5:128, 131n. John E. Rees, "The Shoshoni Contribution to Lewis and Clark," Idaho Yesterdays, 2 (Summer 1958), 11.