The treeless areas on the mountainsides (at left and top) have been clearcut–all or most of the trees have been removed for lumber. The clearcuts shown are verdant with a May-time ground cover of grasses, shrubs, and the many seedlings planted in order to re-establish the forest.
Crooked Fork Crossing
© 2001 Steve F. Russell
This photo is the view westward at the exact place where the Indian trail crossed the Crooked Fork. There was a flat on the west side (now hidden by trees) that was also used for camping. This shallow rocky crossing is described in several early travelers' journals besides Lewis and Clark's.—Steve Russell
White Sand Fish Hatchery
© 2004 VIAs Inc.
White Sand Fish Hatchery is at the confluence of the Crooked Fork (Clark's "North Fork") and Pack Creek (Clark's "Glade Creek").
Snow was falling in the high country above them on the morning of September 14 when, after striking camp two miles downstream from Packer Meadows, the Corps slogged down the Glade Creek canyon through rain and sleet, and then:
Crossd a verry high Steep mountain for 9 miles to a large fork from the left which appears to head in the Snow toped mountains Southerly and S. E. we Crossd. Glade Creek above its mouth, at a place the Tushepaws or Flat head Indians have made 2 wears across to Catch Sammon and have but latterly left the place. I could see no fish, and the grass entirely eaten out by the horses, we proceeded on 2 miles & Encamped opposit a small Island.
The White Sand Fish Hatchery was constructed in 1988 as part of the Lower Snake River Compensation Plan, which had been initiated in the late 1970s after the completion of four dams on the Snake River.
Its function is to supplement the natural propagation of chinook salmon by collecting eggs and sperm (milt) from adults that come upriver to spawn. The eggs are fertilized and taken to the Clearwater Fish Hatchery near Orofino, where they are hatched. When the hatchlings reach fingerling size they are brought back to White Sand and acclimated in the large pond across the river from the hatchery, which they will "remember" as their birthplace. In due time they are released into the Lochsa and several nearby tributaries, where they join naturally-spawned chinooks on their journeys to the Pacific Ocean and back.
Funded in part by a grant from the Idaho Governor's Lewis and Clark Trail Committee