(dates of birth and death unknown)
Private, U.S. Army
Where Reed came from and where he went, no one knows, but as an Expedition member, he lasted only until August 1804.
Whip and Crosscut Saws
Photo © 2015 by Kris Townsend. Used with permission.
The long saw is a two-man whip saw, used to cut planks from a log. The shorter saw is a two-man crosscut, used to cut logs to length. Both saws require coordination between the two sawyers to be effective.
—Kristopher Townsend, ed.
Army Rifles of 1800
When he deserted, Reed likely took one of these rifles. Which one Lewis had prepared at Harpers Ferry is a matter of speculation and debate. Learn more at Army Rifles of 1800 on this site.
Winter at Camp Dubois
He had spent the winter of 1803–1804 at Camp Dubois, where he labored as a sawyer—apparently work unfamiliar to him. Clark dryly observed, on January 6, 1804: "The Sawyears, come on to day better than usial, Whitehouse & Reed, agree better than they did last week—or in other Words Re[ed] Saws better from practice."
Clark trusted Reed well enough to send him to St. Louis carrying letters twice, in April and in May 1804, and noted his hunting contribution when the private brought in a "bobcat."
Sole Enlisted Deserter
On August 4, after the expedition moved upstream from their Council Bluff camp, Reed announced that he had left behind his knife. As always with the irreplaceable tools, he was sent back to get it. He did not catch up that night, becoming the third Corps member missing. Engagé La Liberte had not yet returned from his assignment to invite the Otos to a council, and George Shannon was lost but trying hard to catch up.
The next day, Clark wrote that "we have Some reasons to believe he has Deserted," and Charles Floyd's journal for August 7 explains those reasons:
pon examining his nap-Sack we found that he had taken his . . . Cloas and all His powder and Balles, and had hid them out that night and had made that [left knife] an excuse to Desarte from us with out aney Just Ca[u]se."1
After waiting three days for Reed to return, four men—George Drouillard, William Bratton, François Labiche and Reubin Field—were sent to locate Reed and La Liberte. The latter was a civilian, as for Reed, the men went "with order if he did not give up Peaceibly to put him to Death."
Reed was brought into camp on August 18 and tried. He confessed to desertion and stealing a "public Rifle" and ammunition, but begged mercy. He was sentenced to run the gauntlet four times, hit by nine switches each that the other men wielded, and was banished from the Corps. Reed would be allowed to stay the winter at Fort Mandan, performing hard labor.
He was in trouble again two months later, with only Sgt. John Ordway recording that Reed and Newman were "confined" the day before Newman's trial for mutiny. After that, no journalist mentions Reed again. In April 1804, Moses Reed returned to St. Louis on the keelboat.
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- 1. Moulton, ed., Journals, 9:393.