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Native Nations
Unpacking Jefferson's Indian H

Mandan Lodge

Mandan earth lodge in winter

Photo by J. Agee

An Original
A Mandan lodge, photographed about 1910.
Short River, now Short Creek, enters the Missouri River
a few miles downstream from Williston, North Dakota.

The Old
Log houses on the Fort Berthold Reservation in 1904.
A traditional earth lodge in the background.
From Olin D. Wheeler, The Trail of Lewis and Clark, 18041904
(2 vols., New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1904), 1:271.

Unpacking Jefferson's Indian H

From Discovering Lewis & Clark ®, http://www.lewis-clark.org © 1998-2014
by The Lewis and Clark Fort Mandan Foundation, Washburn, North Dakota.
Journal excerpts are from The Journals of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, edited by Gary E. Moulton
13 vols. (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1983-2001)