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GeographyMapping Unknown Lands
How Do We All Get Around?
Indian Spatial Concepts

John Smith's Map of Virginia, 1612

"Thus have I walkt a wayless way, with uncouth pace, Which yet no Christian man did ever trace: But yet I know this not affects the minde, Which eares doth heare, as that which eyes doe finde." --John Smith, 1608

aptain John Smith was the first to draw a reasonably accurate map of Chesapeake Bay, with its many tributaries. He explored to the head of the Bay in 1607 and ascended many rivers into the interior in 1608. On the map, he noted his ascent with tiny crosses and located over 200 Indian villages, symbolized with tiny huts. The numerous trees and hills drawn on the map suggest a wooded, hilly terrain. Smith's map is a classic example of a map that conveys accurate geographical information using pictures, rather than what we would today consider to be conventional cartographic symbols.

--John Logan Allen

How Do We All Get Around?
Indian Spatial Concepts

From Discovering Lewis & Clark ®, http://www.lewis-clark.org © 1998-2014
by The Lewis and Clark Fort Mandan Foundation, Washburn, North Dakota.
Journal excerpts are from The Journals of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, edited by Gary E. Moulton
13 vols. (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1983-2001)