Fort Berthold Reservation in 1960

To learn more, follow the 4 links in the graphic.

map: Fort Berthold Reservation in 1960

link to photo of water rising to flood Elbowoods link to page about Nightwalker's Butte fortlink to photo of Saddle Butte link to photos of Four Bears Bridge

Ninety percent of the Indian people on the Reservation had to surrender their homes and farms in the verdant, wooded bottoms and bench lands, and move the mostly treeless and agriculturally marginal high ground, exposing themselves and their livestock to the full force of the prairie wind and weather, summer and winter. They carried the remains of their ancestors to new graves, and abandoned many revered religious sites. Even Four Bears bridge was moved to the vicinity of a 'New Town' in the northwest corner of the Reservation.

Where only creeks and the river had separated families and friends, vast expanses of the lake divided the Reservation into five isolated segments. A macro-community firmly rooted in traditional family and clan culture was atomized. The human devastation was almost overwhelming.

The path to recovery, and the rebuilding of tribal identity have been arduous, but the spirit of a people with a history thousands of years deep has prevailed.